A brief study of possession in Hinduism-I: Indology The English word possession and spirits when taken together have come to indicate a certain unfriendly, disturbing, yet exotic area of life whose detailed knowledge, though scanty or rare, is nevertheless peppered with an element of a peculiar, and unknown attraction which is common about things liminal to our daily existence.
It is the oldest practised religion in the world and has the third largest following after Christianity and Islam. Having originated in the Indian subcontinent, it has spread selectively to other parts of the world owing to migration, as the ideas of conversion and evangelisation are absent in Hinduism.
To that end, it is less a religion than a codification of the evolving way of life and beliefs of the inhabitants of the region. A conglomerate of diverse beliefs and traditions, Hinduism has no single founder.
The advent of the Aryans into north India assimilated certain beliefs of the late Neolithic and early Harappan period — BC to their own religious beliefs.
Modern Hinduism grew from the ancient texts called Vedas, and bore much similarity to other Indo-European religions like Zoroastrianismincorporating strong elements of nature gods and their worship. Vedic Hinduism had spread all over the Indian subcontinent by the 4th century BC, assimilating elements of all local religious beliefs and practices.
Over the next 10 centuries, it evolved further and also absorbed tenets of Buddhism and Jainism, which included the doctrine of non-violence and an emphasis on vegetarianism. Under the classical Golden Epoch of the Gupta period 4th to 6th century AD more formalized Hindu thought and its systematization flourished.
This assimilation lasted until the advent of political Islamic control in India in the 7th century. While there were a number of attempts to reconcile both Hindu and Muslim theology over the next 8 centuries, mainstream Hinduism became more orthodox and codified. The rise of the Bhakti devotion and Sufi movements at this time, preaching piety and love for God, brought about a point of communion between the two religions that left in its wake some of the most evocative devotional corpus in Indian history.
Under the British Empire, Hinduism underwent a number of social reforms, and there were many revivalist and spiritual movements in the 19th century. Hinduism has no central doctrinal authority and most practicing Hindus do not claim to belong to any particular denomination.
However, there are various denominations in Hinduism based primarily on the God worshipped as the Supreme One, as well as those that developed as a result of the reform and revivalist movements within Hinduism, though they are not antagonistic to each other.
The concept of God is very complex. The goal of life is to realize non-duality, and to lead a life that leads to this realisation and thereby reaches Moksha liberation or freedom. The Hindu scriptures and mythology refer to celestial entities, called Devas who embodiments of nature, or qualities.
They are however often distinguished from a supreme personal God. Corporeal human manifestations of God are known as Avataras. Most practising Hindus engage in religious rituals daily to seek blessings from various Gods, engaging in worship puja of the divine idol, either in shrines at home or in temples.
While it is not obligatory to visit temples, it is customary practice to do so on important festivals.A Brief Introduction to Hinduism The Commisceo Global Blog - Perfect for Culture Vultures Whether a press release, a case study of cultural difference, some tips on working abroad or some lessons in cross-communication, we try our best to satiate your inner culture vulture.
Chapter 3 - Hinduism. Experiencing the World's Religions. STUDY. PLAY. Nonviolence or non-harm is called. ahimsa. A spiritual teacher who often has many followers is called a.
A short sacred phrase, often chanted or used in meditation, is. a mantra. The term meaning non-harm or nonviolence is. Hindu History The history of Hinduism is unique among the world religions in that it has no founder or date of origin.
While most major religions derive from new ideas taught by a charismatic leader, Hinduism is simply the religion of the people of India, which has gradually developed over four thousand years.
Hinduism Hinduism is the predominant religion of the Indian subcontinent, and one of its native religions. Hinduism includes Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Śrauta among numerous other traditions.
It also includes historical groups, for example the Kapalikas. The Overview of Hinduism chapter of this History of Major World Religions Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study important Hindu teachings and figures.
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