Garner's death has been cited as one of several police killings of African Americans that sparked the Black Lives Matter movement. The protest, led by Black Lives Matter co-founder Alicia Garzawas organized in response to the grand jury decision not to indict Darren Wilson for the death of Mike Brown.
Tactics included anonymous phone calls, Internal Revenue Service IRS audits, and the creation of documents that would divide the American communist organization internally. Howarda civil rights leader, surgeon, and wealthy entrepreneur in Mississippi who had criticized FBI inaction in solving recent murders of George W.
Under pressure from Hoover to focus on King, Sullivan wrote: In the light of King's powerful demagogic speech.
We must mark him now if we have not done so before, as the most dangerous Negro of the future in this nation from the standpoint of communism, the Negro, and national security. Hoover responded by publicly calling King the most "notorious liar" in the United States.
You better take it before your filthy, abnormal, fraudulent self is bared to the nation". DeLoach, commenced a media campaign offering the surveillance transcript to various news organizations including Newsweek and Newsday.
While an FBI spokesman has denied that the FBI was "directly" involved in Malcolm's murder init is documented that the Bureau worked to "widen the rift" between Malcolm and Elijah Muhammad through infiltration and the "sparking of acrimonious debates within the organization," rumor-mongering, and other tactics designed to foster internal disputes, which ultimately led to Malcolm's assassination.
The Pulitzer Prize-winning biography of Malcolm X by Manning Marable asserts that most of the men who plotted Malcolm's assassination were never apprehended and that the full extent of the FBI's involvement in his death cannot be known. King was said to have potential to be the "messiah" figure, should he abandon nonviolence and integrationism,  and Stokely Carmichael was noted to have "the necessary charisma to be a real threat in this way" as he was portrayed as someone who espoused a much more militant vision of " black power.
Individuals such as writers were also listed among the targets of operations. The FBI monitored and disrupted the campaign on a national level, while using targeted smear tactics locally to undermine support for the march.
Within the year, Director J. Many released documents have been partly, or entirely, redacted. The Committee finds that the domestic activities of the intelligence community at times violated specific statutory prohibitions and infringed the constitutional rights of American citizens.
The legal questions involved in intelligence programs were often not considered. On other occasions, they were intentionally disregarded in the belief that because the programs served the "national security" the law did not apply.
While intelligence officers on occasion failed to disclose to their superiors programs which were illegal or of questionable legality, the Committee finds that the most serious breaches of duty were those of senior officials, who were responsible for controlling intelligence activities and generally failed to assure compliance with the law.
The domestic operations were increased against political and anti-war groups from through Create a negative public image for target groups by surveiling activists and then releasing negative personal information to the public. Break down internal organization by creating conflicts by having agents exacerbate racial tensions, or send anonymous letters to try to create conflicts.
Create dissension between groups by spreading rumors that other groups were stealing money. Restrict access to public resources by pressuring non-profit organizations to cut off funding or material support.
Restrict the ability to organize protest. Restrict the ability of individuals to participate in group activities by character assassinations, false arrests, surveillance. Range of targets[ edit ] At its inception, the program's main target was the Communist Party.
Its actions went as far as political assassination.Freedom Movement Bibliography. See also: Books Written by Freedom Movement Veterans Book Titles Grouped by Subject Film, Videos & Audio Movement-Related Web Links.
This article is the last in the Black Lives Matter Everywhere series, a collaboration between The Conversation, the Sydney Democracy Network and the Sydney Peace Foundation.
To mark the. The President commissioned this study in the hopes of finding a reason to take more guns from law abiding Americans.
What it found, however, is that the answer to gun violence in .
Aug 23, · But there’s a problem with this capsule summary of Katrina and its place in national memory. It assumes a singular public of “Americans” who understand events in broadly similar ways. The Sacramento Kings have formed an alliance with Black Lives Matter.
The same group which has disrupted two of the last three Kings games at Golden 1 Center, while . Feb 07, · The economic gap within the African-American community is one of the most important factors in the rise of Black Lives Matter, led by a new generation of college graduates and students.