John Jay professors get hit with sex harassment allegations In a shocking irony, the John Jay College professors accused of pimping out their students raked in more than half a million dollars in government money to study prostitution. Accusations of rape, sexual harassment, facilitating prostitution, and using and selling drugs first surfaced several weeks ago in the written complaints of two John Jay graduates, which were shared with The Post and authorities.
This brings us neatly into the subject of Victorian sexuality, which has been a continuing topic of debate and fascination. According to their own testimonies, many people born in the Victorian age were both factually uninformed and emotionally frigid about sexual matters.
Historically, it appeared that the licentious behaviour and attitudes of the Regency period had been replaced by a new order of A study on prostitution control and repression - personified by the censorious figure of Mrs Grundy - which was imposed by the newly dominant bourgeoisie, steadily permeated all classes, and lasted well into the 20th century.
Then a hypocritical 'shadow side' to this public denial was glimpsed, in the 'secret world' of Victorian prostitution and pornography, and more openly in the 'naughty nineties'.
These perspectives were contested by the French scholar Michel Foucault reminding us that Victorian attitudes were not confined to Britainwho argued that sex was not censored but subject to obsessive discussion as a central discourse of power, bent on regulation rather than suppression.
This helps explain why sexuality looms so large in art and medicine, for example, as well as in studies of the Victorian age.
Lately, evidence has shown that Victorian sex was not polarised between female distaste 'Lie back and think of England', as one mother is famously said to have counselled her anxious, newly married daughter and extra-marital male indulgence.
Instead many couples seem to have enjoyed mutual pleasure in what is now seen as a normal, modern manner. The picture is occluded however by the variety of attitudes that exist at any given time, and by individuals' undoubted reticence, so that information on actual experience is often inferred from demographic and divorce court records.
Certainly, the s were briefly as 'permissive' as the same decade in the 20th century, while the s saw an explosion of differing and conflicting positions.
Throughout, however, the public discussion of sexual matters was characterised by absence of plain speaking, with consequent ignorance, embarrassment and fear. By mid-century the Victorian conjunction of moralism and scientific investigation produced ideas of orthodox human sexuality based on a combination of social and biological ideas.
What men are habitually, women are only exceptionally. Thus it was seriously held, for example, that sexual appetite was incompatible with mental distinction and that procreation impaired artistic genius. Men were vigorously counselled to conserve vital health by avoiding fornication, masturbation and nocturnal emissions for which a variety of devices were invented and by rationing sex within marriage.
Even when other causes were present, sickness and debility were frequently ascribed to masturbation - the great erotic subject described as vigorously as it was denounced.
Ailments afflicting adolescent girls were similarly said to signify abnormal sexual excitation. With punitive therapy in mind, some doctors erased sexual pleasure through barbaric practices such as penile cauterisation and clitorodectomy.
For the same reasons, 'irregular' sexual activity was condemned. There is ample evidence that many working-class couples anticipated marriage or rather married once a baby was on the way. But the ratio of illegitimate births was relatively low, albeit a constant topic of drama in poetry, painting and fiction - notable examples being the outcast single mothers depicted in paintings by Richard Redgrave and Fred Walker, and in fiction by George Eliot's Hetty Sorrel and Thomas Hardy's Fanny Robin.
In real life, social censure was so grave that many single mothers handed their babies to the Foundling Hospital or in desperation committed infanticide.
Changing views of prostitution Prostitution remained a major topic of social concern. The early, time-honoured view that, like the poor, prostitutes were a fact of life was replaced in the s by a social morality that anathematised sexual licence and especially its public manifestations.
Gathering intensity as the urban population rose, and with it the 'circulating harlotry' in the streets, theatres and pleasure gardens, moral panic over prostitution was at its height in the s and early s. In part, this was because it betokened visible female freedom from social control. As daughters, employees or servants, young women were subject to male authority; as whores they enjoyed economic and personal independence.
The response was a sustained cultural campaign, in sermons, newspapers, literary and visual art, to intimidate, shame and eventually drive 'fallen women' from the streets by representing them as a depraved and dangerous element in society, doomed to disease and death.
Refuges were opened and men like future Prime Minister W. Gladstone patrolled at night to persuade girls to leave their life of 'vice'. In actuality, the seldom-voiced truth was that in comparison to other occupations, prostitution was a leisured and profitable trade, by which women improved their circumstances, helped to educate siblings and often saved enough to open a shop or lodging house.The Economy of Prostitution in the Roman World: A Study of Social History and the Brothel [Thomas McGinn] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
In recent years, a number of classical scholars have turned their attention to prostitution in the ancient world. Close examination of the social and legal position of Roman meretrices . Yahweh's Wife: Sex in the Evolution of Monotheism: A Study of Yahweh, Asherah, Ritual Sodomy and Temple Prostitution (Woman in History) [Arthur Frederick Ide] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Examines the evolution of monotheism and the forces of sex that propelled it out of pantheons and pantries. Prostitution Facts* The estimated age of entry into child prostitution is 12 years old, while girls as young as 9 years old have been known to be recruited for prostitution. Bart van Poelgeest, Report of a Study of Dutch Government Documents on the Forced Prostitution of Dutch Women in the Dutch East Indies during the Japanese.
Capital Exploits: A Study of Prostitution and Trafficking in London Julie Bindel, Ruth Breslin and Laura Brown A study commissioned by the Mayor’s Office for Policing and Crime (MOPAC).
There are too many women and girls who are lured to prostitution. Men and boys are also being exposed for sexual purposes. In the study by the International Labor Organization (ILO), it was estimated that there were at least , to , prostituted persons in the Philippines with an estimated 60, to , children.