The Persian Empire was the most powerful kingdom of the ancient world. Though only in power for a little over years, the Persians conquered lands that covered over 2 million square miles. From the southern portions of Egypt to parts of Greece and then east to parts of India, the Persian Empire was known for its military strength and wise rulers.
The Issus campaign is interesting as it shows both the strengths and weaknesses of both Alexander and Darius as commanders. The campaign also shows how lack of information could lead to armies slipping by each other like ships in the night.
Issus is a brilliant example how Alexander could think on his feet and react quickly to new threats as they presented themselves. The Issus campaign reveals how Alexander's army cohesion and leadership kept his men together, even when faced with disaster. This scenario was left out of Warhammer Alexander the Great, as it just couldn't be shoe-horned into the space left without compressing the information beyond usefulness.
He gathered a force of mercenaries, manned three hundred ships, and pursued the conflict vigorously As word came to Greece that Memnon was about to sail to Euboea with his fleet, the cities of that island became alarmed, while those Greeks friendly to Persia, notably Sparta, began to have high hopes in a change in the political situation.
Memnon distributed bribes freely and won many Greek over to share in Persian hopes, but Fortune Alexander the great vs cyrus the put an end to is career.
He fell ill and died of a desperate malady, and with his death Darius' fortunes also collapsed. His decisive victory at the Granicus the year before had forced the Persians to take to the sea, or hold out in towns. With no field army in place to slow down Alexander, or take back cities, the best they could hope for was to delay.
Alexander was relentless and his effective siege organization captured each city one by one. The main Persian effort was spent through surrogates to kindle rebellion in Greece.
The Rhodian general Memnon used the Persian fleet to raid the Aegean and attempted to cut off Alexander from his homeland. This campaign of slowly strangling Alexander from home was going well. The Macedonian fleet had been disbanded through lack of funds, and while Alexander had total dominance on land, at sea the situation was reversed for Memnon could go where he wanted with little opposition.
Apparently the Persian strategy had turned to follow the wise words of Memnon before the Granicus, to delay and destroy the countryside in front of Alexander on land, and undermine his support by Greece at sea.
Memnon had captured Chios and was besieging Mytilene. The strategy was working and Darius now decided to raise an army to coordinate on land while Memnon and his fleet opened up operations in Greece, by landing on Euboea and creating a second front that would over extend Macedonian resources.
But suddenly in the summer of Memnon died of a malicious disease. The campaign in Greece was scrapped. There were divisions in his high command. The traditional story is that the Greeks with their good advice, were distrusted by the Persians with their macho bravado, flattery, and jealousy of the marshal prowess of the Greeks.
Charidamus, Darius' Polemarch, had urged that Darius hire every mercenary and volunteer in Greece and allow him to go fight Alexander "with men", while the King and the Persians "gleaming of gold and in Purple robes", stayed back out of his way.
This was too brash an insult in front of the King and Persian onlookers, and Darius in a fit of rage, ordered Charidamus' throat slit. Darius summoned the next in line Thymondas, to take charge of the large mercenary contingent.
One can only feel sympathy for the Greeks, who were fighting both against Alexander, and against the Persian beurocracy and Imperial toadies. Charidamus went to his death with a chilling prediction that offering battle would be Darius' downfall.
What if Darius had followed Charidamus' advice? The Persians finally decided on their strategy. Darius would gather a large host over the Summer and would march on Cilicia, at the head of the army, as his council determined that the Persians would fight better in his presence.
This depleted the fleet of most of it strength and their successes slowed, and allowed the Macedonian fleet some time to reform.
Pharnabazus split the fleet, sending the desired troops to Darius, and sending some ships and troops under Orontobates, to retake Halicarnassus.Alexander’s forces mostly wore pressed-linen armor. Parts of it were bronze and iron, but the majority was pressed linen, and it was good enough against the iron weapons of the time.
Jul 17, · Who was the greatest conqueror in the world, Alexander The Great, Genghis Khan or Chandragupta Maurya? Alexander the Great, Cyrus the Great. In Babylon on June 10th, BC, at about 5pm, Alexander the Great died aged 32, having conquered an empire stretching from modern Albania to eastern Pakistan.
Cyrus the Great, Ashoka, Confucius, and Socrates all sought to reform their societies during a period of great turmoil. Explain why the civilizations of these men were in turmoil around B.C. The Persians told him how their greatest king, Cyrus, who had conquered much of the civilised world, had been killed in a battle with Indian soldiers exactly two centuries before Alexander.
Alexander vs. Darius. The Battle of Issus BC by Jeff Jonas. Part I: The Campaign and Battle Part II: The Battle as a Wargame. The Battle of Issus was the first meeting between Alexander the Great of Macedon and Darius III of the Achaemenid Persian Empire.
The Issus campaign is interesting as it shows both the strengths and weaknesses of.