Behaviouralism simplified essay

Behavioural approach is not a very set and definite approach: It represents several different views with a common cause or with a similar focus.

Behaviouralism simplified essay

Types of Behaviorism

In spite of its achievements, the behaviouralist school of politics has been criticised strongly. So strong is the criticism that the whole discipline of political science seems to be divided into "Behaviouralists" and "anti-behavioulists".

Behaviouralism seeks to examine the behaviour, actions, and acts of individuals – rather than the characteristics of institutions such as legislatures, executives, and judiciaries – and groups in different social settings and explain this behavior as it relates to the political system. Article shared by. Marxian Approach is a popular approach. It stands for a socio- economic analysis of politics. Several political scientists all over the world use this approach for analysing, explaining and predicting the process of politics at work in various states of the world. Behaviouralism concerns more with Techniques than Results: Wasby has criticised bshaviouralism on the ground that the behaviouralists attach too much importance to the techniques and methods and do not worry at all about the theoretical importance of the subject.

The behaviouralists have been strongly criticising the traditionalists, so is the case with the traditionalists also. For example, Kirkpatrick holds that any debate about the behavioural methods and techniques is in fact a discussion more often aimed at defeating traditionalists than at clarifying issues.

On the other hand, Washy says, "the behaviouralist approach to the study of politics has now become established. Major front line battles between the behaviouralists receded into minor skirmishes, although the fighting has not totally died down.

Behaviouralism concerns more with Techniques than Results: Wasby has criticised bshaviouralism on the ground that the behaviouralists attach too much importance to the techniques and methods and do not worry at all about the theoretical importance of the subject.

While doing the research, the behaviouralists have chosen only such Behaviouralism simplified essay for research in which better techniques are available and they have ignored the rest. Besides that they have not bothered about the results. Bay in his article, "A Critical Evaluation of Behavioural Literature", makes distinction between politics and pseudo-politics.

He defines as political "all activity aimed at improving or projecting conditions for the satisfaction of human needs and demands in a given society or community according to some universalistic scheme of priorities implicit or explicit.

In simple words, politics should aim at the promotion of universal interests. But the behaviouralists only look to the American interests as they consider the American institutions as the best and they use their methods to prove these institutions as better than the institutions of other countries.

Lipset suggests that the "age old search for the good society can be terminated, for we have got it now. Democracy as we know, it is the good society itself in operation". Leo Strauss also holds that the behaviouralists are biased more in favour of democracy and status quo. In this way, behaviouralism advocates personal or private interests at the cost of universal interests.

It is thus pseudo politics. Behaviouralism emphasises the importance of behavioural effect at the cost of institutional effects: It should be noted particularly that American behaviouralists have altogether neglected the effects of the institutions upon the society and concentrated their efforts only at the behavioural aspect of the individuals and groups confined mainly to America.

Even the voting behaviour upon which the American behaviouralists lay special emphasis ignores many aspects such as the invalidation of votes on account of their being defaced or the loss of a vote for not getting oneself registered. This is Wasby says, "The fact that almost all early studies of voting behaviour took place in the United States or within single communities or States made it easy for researchers to forget the possible effects of institutional environment on electoral activity".

Study of politics can never be value-free: The critics of behaviouralism contend that politics can never be value-free as held by the behaviouralists. For example, Sibley contends that the very selection of subjects for investigation is determined by values.

Sibley criticises the behaviouralists in the following words: The political investigator, no less than others, must have some notion of his own order of priorities before he proceeds to use the behavioural or any other approach.

Behavioralism - Wikipedia

He presumably holds, that 'political' sphere is more important for him to investigate than any other area. Whatever the reasons for his judgement, imputations of value are always present. Brecht enunciates two propositions: The question whether some thing is "valuable" can be answered significantly only in relation to a some goal or purpose for the pursuit of which it is not useful valuableor to b the ideas held by person or group of persons regarding what is or is not valuable, and that consequently 2.

It is impossible to establish scientifically what goals or purposes are valuable irrespective of: He might, indeed, provide an interesting hypothesis to explain his conduct but this could hardly be verified by the statistical and other methods which he uses to study the behaviour of groups".

Behaviouralism emphasises static rather than current situations: Behaviouralists have been concentrating their study mainly on the static subjects rather on the current problems. The behaviouralists have so far ignored all these urgent problems because that does not suit their study.

Difficulties in studying ever changing behaviour: It is very difficult to study the ever changing behaviour of man because the emotions, ideas and thinking go on changing continuously.Behaviouralism does not insist upon separation from the past.

13 Limitations of Behaviouralism Approach to Study of Politics

5. We have already noted that behavioural approach to the study of politics embraces various improved methods of other sciences and it is interesting to note that this has brought political science in close relation to economics, sociology, psychology and anthropology. Good Essays words | ( pages) | Preview Behaviorism, Functionalism and the Identity Theory - “The universe contains only material or physical entities”, this is what materialism holds.

Difference between Behaviouralism and Behaviourism Article shared by: Behaviouralism is something clear and distinct from ‘behaviourism’, which is a concept of a school of psychology originating with J.B. Watson, later vigorously revived by B.F.

Behaviouralism simplified essay

Skinner () in his Beyond Freedom and Dignity, Definition. Behaviorism is a learning theory that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts any independent activities of the mind. The Limitations of Behaviouralism Approach to the Study of Politics are given below: 1.

Behavioural approach is not a very set and definite approach: It represents several different views with a common cause or with a similar focus.

Big differences and divisions among the behaviouralists have made the behavioural approach highly complex and confusing. Behaviouralism concerns more with Techniques than Results: Wasby has criticised bshaviouralism on the ground that the behaviouralists attach too much importance to the techniques and methods and do not worry at all about the theoretical importance of the subject.

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