Biomass or Bioenergy refers to the use of organic material to produce energy.
But with new technology, biomass is now cleaning up its act. Scientists and energy advocates have found ways of generating enough electricity to power homes and even large industrial operations.
The college runs a sawmill as part of its forestry course. In the past, wood cuttings from the sawmill would be burnt to ashes or buried in the ground.
Now, the cuttings are burned with the use of modern technology to produce gas that generates power. But if we use biomass and gasify it, we use 1. It comprises waste material, products, residues, and byproducts from agriculture, plants, manure, and industrial wastes, among other materials.
Biomass Energy In Africa Essay Words | 7 Pages The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind written by William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer talks about the deforestation in Africa, and the different type of experiments William conducted in search of possible alternative energy. GEMCO is a pellet plant turnkey project provider. With pellet plant build by GEMCO, your factory can produce up to 30 ton wood and biomass pellets per hour. Alternative Energy Resource: Biomass - Biomass is a biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. In the context of biomass for energy this is often used to mean plant based materials, but biomass can equally apply to both animal and vegetable derived material.
The electricity is produced through a process known as gasification. Gasification means changing solid biomass material into gaseous fuels, so that instead of burning diesel or petrol in an engine, you burn the gas that comes from wood.
The engine is then connected to a generator to generate electricity. The Nyabyeya plant generates up to 50 kilowatts of electricity, which according to Kisakye, is far more than what the college requires. But the small system is generating 50 kilowatts of electricity. A majority of the people in rural Uganda are poor.
They consume fuel wood that is gathered as dry, fallen pieces and twigs, and in some instances agricultural waste.
But the results from projects like the Nyabyeya biomass energy plant are renewing interest in wood and biomass as larger scale energy sources, and an alternative to fossil fuels.
Recent studies have indicated that the country has million tonnes of standing wood biomass with a mean annual growth of 50 million tonnes per year. He said there is a wide range of non-traditional forms of biomass that have not been harnessed mainly due to a lack of technology.
Yet the devices we are using for its exploitation are just like what Stone Age man used. Ndaula told IPS that the biomass energy value chain in Uganda, like many parts of Africa, is closest to rural communities and is likely to receive social acceptability compared to other forms of available energy.
In addition, participation in the value chain has the potential to reduce poverty and create conditions for wealth generation. Overall, some million people in Sub-Saharan Africa, out of over million, do not have access to electricity, even as demand is expected to surge six percent annually.
Ndaula noted that the sugar industry in Uganda has taken advantage of technology advancement by turning bagasse — once a big disposal problem — into one of the major sources of energy for thermal electricity production.biomass energy cycle and the way biomass is utilized for energy generation in an environmentally friendly scheme .
developing countries (particularly sub-Saharan Africa), traditional biomass energy dominates national energy statistics, leading to significant negative impacts on human health and the environment. There are, however, opportunities for developing improved and modern biomass energy technologies, which papers on the energy sector in Asia. Biomass Energy In Africa Essay Words | 7 Pages The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind written by William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer talks about the deforestation in Africa, and the different type of experiments William conducted in search of possible alternative energy. BEST Biomass Energy Strategy BRRA Biomass Resource Regulatory Authority The potential for biomass to contribute to Uganda’s energy development is recognized in the Renewable Energy Policy (). At an international level, the year was declared by the UN as the official year of Sustainable Energy for All among the efforts towards.
Figure 1: Biomass Energy Cycle 2. METHODS OF EXTRACTING BIOMASS ENERGY Biomass can be converted to thermal energy, liquid, solid or gaseous fuels and other chemical products through a variety of conversion processes.
The types of biomass are terrestrial biomass (food, vegetable, fiber, furniture), aquatic biomass (aquatic plants). Besides that some non conventional energy resources like wind energy, tidal energy, solar energy, geothermal energy and atomic Power (nuclear power), nuclear fusions and bio energy .
Biomass is organic material that comes from plants and animals, and it is a renewable source of energy. Biomass contains stored energy from the sun.
Plants absorb the sun's energy in a process called photosynthesis. Published: Mon, 01 May Biomass Energy. The use of biomass energy as a wide spread, renewable power source provided with proper knowledge, state control and technological how-to, can change both the earth’s environment and our attitude towards alternative power resources.
Africa is a place where the availability of electricity is less due to depletion of energy resources. Also, the amount of biomass materials available in South Africa is enough to produce energy for a whole city as South Africa is a vast area and has a huge variety of fauna and flora.
Essay on Bio Energy: As Renewable Source of Energy! Green plants capture solar energy through the process of photosynthesis and convert it into organic matter. This organic matter is known as biomass and is basically a form of solar energy which is converted into chemical energy by the green plants.