Understanding the signs, symptoms and side effects of ADHD is a key component toward starting the recovery journey. Understanding ADHD Learn about ADHD Many children will occasionally struggle to remember to do their chores and finish their homework, or they may daydream during class, act without thinking about the consequences, or squirm during church. Children and teens who have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHDhowever, experience these problems on a much broader scale. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurobiological disorder that generally appears during early childhood typically with an onset before the age of 7 and is marked by behaviors lasting at least six months that include inattention, impulsively, and hyperactivity.
But keep in mind that students with both ADHD and the various comorbid conditions also show difficulty concentrating, are easily distracted, have difficulty remembering and organizing their materials, fidget, and may act before thinking. Moreover, they may show even more problems with school work and social interaction than do students with only ADHD.
ADHD with comorbid anxiety or depression: But when children's fears, worries, or sadness persist and are accompanied by impairments in social function, they may meet the diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder. Anxiety makes children feel hopeless.
Students who have anxiety in the elementary school years are at risk for depression as teenagers during high school. Students with ADHD and comorbid anxiety disorders are "worriers. In the classroom these children may reveal their sadness in the following ways: Most children, including those with ADHD, at times refuse to do what adults want them to do, may answer back, may tell "fibs" little liesget angry and stamp their feet, yell, or even hit the person with whom they disagree or are angry.
These behaviours are considered to be part of normal development and the child or adolescent learns that this way of behaving is not socially acceptable. But when these difficult-to-manage behaviours occur frequently and persist, the student may also meet diagnostic criteria for ODD or CD.
For example, children who are very worried about events at home such as parental separation or divorce, or stressful events such as moving or the death of a close relative or pet or about things in general such as world events, performance in school, or what others might think may also have difficulty concentrating, listening to and following instructions, and sitting still, and may be easily distracted and make careless errors.
These students may have anxiety disorders or depression alone, and not ADHD. Excessive tiredness, chronic hunger, medication for other health problems for example, asthmabrain injury following an accident, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, and severe developmental delay mental retardation might also result in behavioural problems that look like ADHD.
This is why it is important that a physician is consulted about a diagnosis of ADHD in order to rule out other medical explanations of the ADHD symptoms. Diagnosis of ADHD All children are sometimes restless, sometimes act without thinking, sometimes can't concentrate, and sometimes may daydream the time away.
However, when the child's hyperactivity, distractibility, impulsivity, or poor concentration begins to affect performance in school, social relationships with other children, or behaviour at home, ADHD may be suspected.
But because the symptoms vary so much across settings and other problems may mimic ADHD, this neurobiological condition is not easy to diagnose.
For example, a child who "can't sit still" or is otherwise disruptive is very noticeable in school, but the quiet and inattentive daydreamer may be overlooked.
The impulsive child who acts before thinking may be considered just a "discipline problem," while the child who is passive or sluggish may be viewed as merely unmotivated. Yet all of these problems may signify ADHD. In Canada and the United States, a clinical diagnosis of ADHD can be made by several types of professionals, including a clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, paediatrician, neurologist, or family physician.
In other countries the diagnosis of ADHD may be made only by certain types of medical doctors for example, paediatricians or child psychiatrists.
However, the medical professions have developed clinical practice guidelines for the assessment and diagnosis of ADHD and related disorders. That is, do they occur more often than in other children of the same age and gender? Are they a continuous problem, or just a response to a temporary situation?
Do the behaviours occur in several settings, or only in one specific place like the playground or during individual seat-work in the classroom? In Canada, the U. However, the classroom teacher may not necessarily be consulted by the medical professionals who make a formal diagnosis of ADHD and plan a treatment strategy for one of their students.
This is unfortunate, as teachers often initiate the query of ADHD and have vital input to provide at various stages of diagnosis and treatment. Suspecting behavioural difficulties The teacher may be the first to suspect that a child is experiencing behavioural difficulties at school.
The teacher can begin a process of observation and data collection to gain more insight into the nature, frequency, and severity of the behavioural problems that the child is experiencing.
Observing student strengths and difficulties When a teacher first notices a student struggling in the classroom, it is important for him or her to collect information about the student's strengths, needs, and areas of difficulty for example, academic skill deficits, types of behaviours that are occurring.
This information can then be used for two purposes: The teacher can begin to try different strategies to help the student become more successful in the classroom. The teacher can inform the parents of his or her concerns about the student's difficulties and share what strategies he or she is currently using to address them.
For example, it is possible that the child has recently experienced a stressful event that is resulting in poor concentration at school. Likewise, it is possible that the symptoms only occur in one subject and are therefore more related to a specific learning disability than to ADHD.
This information can in turn form the basis of discussion and collaborative problem-solving with the child's parents. It is possible that the child's difficulties may improve after this collaborative problem-solving session. Alternatively, if the student continues to struggle, teachers may suggest that the student be referred to the school team for a more in-depth examination of the child's strengths and needs.
This team may also make further recommendations or strategies to help the child in the classroom. School boards may have established referral policies and procedures. Parents may also seek help from community-based services for example, a registered psychologist or a physician to gain a better understanding of the nature of their child's difficulties.Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Attention Deficit Disorder without the Hyperactivity (ADD) is a condition of the brain that makes it difficult for children to control their .
"Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder that interferes with an individual's ability to attend to tasks (inattention), inhibits one's behavior (impulsivity), and may interfere with a person's ability to regulate one's activity level (hyper-activity) in .
We handle papers in a multiplicity of subject areas including Admission Essays, General Essays, Case Studies, Coursework, Dissertations, Editing, Research Papers, and Research proposals Header Button Label: Place Order Now Get Started.
If you wish to view the free essay of ADHD in Children, you must donate an original essay to our web site so that we can grow our collection of free essays, book reports and term papers.
Click to donate and then view the entire ADHD in Children essay, term paper or book report for FREE. Overview. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that affects millions of children and often continues into adulthood.
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Introduction Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), once called hyperkinesis or minimal brain dysfunction, is .