Definitions and differences between these two terms Family Structures: How the family structure is changing through the years Intergenerational Relations:
University of Auckland Abstract Preventing family violence, including the abuse and neglect of older people, is an important community and social policy issue in New Zealand. Although significant research and intervention activities have been undertaken to reduce family violence in general, less is known about the nature of elder abuse and neglect, and appropriate and effective prevention strategies in a New Zealand context.
Drawing on qualitative interviews with older people and their caregivers, as well as service providers and non-governmental organisations that provide support to older people, this article discusses recent research findings related to societal-level risk and protective factors that may affect the incidence of elder abuse and neglect.
Some of the factors identified include the need to pay attention to ageism and older people's rights, gender roles, and societal ideas about individuals and families. The findings have implications for policy and practice.
Supporting community and societal change that reduces ageism and promotes positive and valued roles for older people will contribute to the wider goal. Practical strategies - such as the provision of information for older people, family and carers - that support the empowerment of older people may also help to minimise the risks of elder abuse and neglect.
Increasing Awareness of Issues and Incidence Associated with Family Violence Since the s there has been increasing awareness of, and outcry against, the incidence of family violence within New Zealand. Much of this awareness and activity have focused on recognition of, and response to, intimate partner violence and child abuse and neglect see Fanslow for a review.
Less activity has taken place to further our understanding of the scale and impact of elder abuse and neglect in New Zealand. A random sample of community-dwelling older people in the USA reported a prevalence rate of abuse in family settings of 32 abused older people per 1, Estimates of abuse are higher for older people with dementia who are being cared for by family caregivers.
Other researchers have suggested that elder neglect is more common than elder abuse Wolf and Pillemer Obtaining accurate estimates of the prevalence of elder abuse and neglect in New Zealand will require having agreed definitions about what constitutes elder abuse and neglect, and an appropriate study being carried out to assess the frequency with which the abuse occurs.
Until such a study is conducted we are reliant on proxy information about the scale of the problem, such as cases that present to elder abuse and neglect services. Although this information is likely to under-report the occurrence of elder abuse and neglect, because it relies on the highly variable reporting practices of agencies and practitioners as well as the reporting by older people themselves, it does provide some indication of the elder abuse and neglect cases that are encountered in this country.
Defining Elder Abuse and Neglect The literature shows that defining elder abuse and neglect is problematic and that definitions vary internationally. The reason for this difficulty arises from the differences in theories about the nature and causes of abuse and neglect of older people Lachs and Pillemer A person who abuses an older person usually has some sort of control or influence over him or her.
In general, New Zealand figures indicate that reported cases of abuse and neglect are consistent with overseas figures Age Concern NZ Of these, were a result of abuse and neglect, cases were abuse or neglect from an institutional policy or practice, and the remaining were cases of self-neglect.
Most cases were women, aged between 75 and 84 years. There has been very little New Zealand research on the physical and other effects of elder abuse.
Other research has documented how the results of abuse and neglect on an older person diminish their ability to actively contribute as a member of their community Age Concern NZ Background This research project was initiated by the Families Commission following a stakeholder workshop to identify research and information needs related to elder abuse and neglect.
It was undertaken to improve our understanding of the risk and protective factors that may be associated with the elder abuse and neglect of older people in New Zealand Families Commission The project utilised an ecological framework to explore these factors as they relate to elder abuse and neglect, drawing on information obtained from the perspective of older people, service providers, and coordinators of governmental and non-governmental organisations see Figure 1 in Krug et al.
The ecological model allows representation and exploration of the relationship between individual and contextual factors, and considers violence as being the product of multiple levels that influence behaviour.
It has been advocated as a useful model for examining elder abuse and neglect by Fanslow For this article we focused on identification and discussion of societal-level risk and protective factors associated with the occurrence or amelioration of elder abuse and neglect, because these are the factors that are most appropriately dealt with through actions at the level of social policy.
The sampling frame was designed to ensure that a wide range of expertise and knowledge was accessed.
The sample consisted of: Respondents were recruited from multiple regions around the country. Data collection methods included face-to-face interviews, focus group interviews and telephone interviews.
Interview guides were developed after consultation and review of the literature.
The interview guide was designed to collect data across ecological levels, from the individual to the societal. Data analysis took a general inductive approach Thomas Some countries would face more older people in future.
I believe that this trend could have negative effects on these countries development. To begin with, older people can have a significant impact on countries economy. First and foremost, they rely on a pension and do not go to work. How theories of ageing approach older people.
Print Reference this. Disclaimer: This essay will now go on to discuss the Disengagement theory in detail to help understand how it approached older people and their circumstances. It provides us with evidence of how the social system relates to older people in society, and that older.
One reason for the devaluation of elderly people in our society is its increasing dependence on technology. As we continually change our lifestyles and update the way we do things, the wisdom once given to us by older people seems to lose its usefulness.
Numbers of people aged 75 and over are expected to double by Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA Society is failing to value and harness older people’s skills, knowledge and experience, a Guardian.
When older people abandon their prejudices and observe us with respect, they can learn valuable lessons from us: courage, strength, intelligence, individuality, and persistence. I have the impression that older people don't like us. Meanwhile, with numbers of people aged 75 and over expected to double by and the proportion of older people in the UK due to rise from 23% to 28% of the population by , it is vital to plan for the necessary services to support our ageing society.