It is a Roman temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome.
The eighth wonder of the ancient world The Pantheon in Rome is a true architectural wonder. For a good example, look at the library Thomas Jefferson designed for the University of Virginia.
The Pantheon, Rome, c. With new evidence and fresh interpretations coming to light in recent years, questions once thought settled have been reopened. In the case of the Pantheon, however, the inscription on the frieze—in raised bronze letters modern replacements —easily deceives, as it did for many centuries.
It identifies, in abbreviated Latin, the Roman general and consul the highest elected official of the Roman Republic Marcus Agrippa who lived in the first century B. Thus, Agrippa could not have been the patron of the present building. Why, then, is his name so prominent? Written sources suggest the building was damaged by fire around 80 C.
It was to be a triumphant display of his will and beneficence. And, in an act of pious humility meant to put him in the favor of the gods and to honor his illustrious predecessors, Hadrian installed the false inscription attributing the new building to the long-dead Agrippa.
Pantheon Plan Pantheon Plan What was it—a temple? It is now an open question whether the building was ever a temple to all the gods, as its traditional name has long suggested to interpreters.
Pantheon, or Pantheum in Latin, was more of a nickname than a formal title. Pantheon vs parthenon essay account, written a century after the Pantheon was completed, must be taken skeptically. He wrote, He [Agrippa] completed the building called the Pantheon.
It has this name, perhaps because it received among the images which decorated it the statues of many gods, including Mars and Venus; but my own opinion of the name is that, because of its vaulted roof, it resembles the heavens.
Instead, it may have been intended as a dynastic sanctuary, part of a ruler cult emerging around Augustus, with the original dedication being to Julius Caesar, the progenitor of the family line of Augustus and Agrippa and a revered ancestor who had been the first Roman deified by the Senate.
John Filwalk, Project Advisors: Robert Hannah and Dr. Bernard Frischer The dome and the divine authority of the emperors By the fourth century C. We also know that Hadrian held court in the Pantheon. Whatever its original purposes, the Pantheon by the time of Trajan and Hadrian was primarily associated with the power of the emperors and their divine authority.
Pantheon dome Pantheon dome The symbolism of the great dome adds weight to this interpretation. Only four perfect numbers were known in antiquity 6, 28,and and they were sometimes held—for instance, by Pythagoras and his followers—to have mystical, religious meaning in connection with the cosmos.
The sunbeam streaming through the oculus traced an ever-changing daily path across the wall and floor of the rotunda. Perhaps, then, the sunbeam marked solar and lunar events, or simply time.
How was it designed and built? A portico with free-standing columns is attached to a domed rotunda. In between, to help transition between the rectilinear portico and the round rotunda is an element generally described in English as the intermediate block.
This may be evidence that the portico was intended to be taller than it is 50 Roman feet instead of the actual 40 feet. Perhaps the taller columns, presumably ordered from a quarry in Egypt, never made it to the building site for reasons unknownnecessitating the substitution of smaller columns, thus reducing the height of the portico.
One approaches the Pantheon through the portico with its tall, monolithic Corinthian columns of Egyptian granite. Originally, the approach would have been framed and directed by the long walls of a courtyard or forecourt in front of the building, and a set of stairs, now submerged under the piazza, leading up to the portico.
Walking beneath the giant columns, the outside light starts to dim. As you pass through the enormous portal with its bronze doors, you enter the rotunda, where your eyes are swept up toward the oculus. Bernard Frischer The structure itself is an important example of advanced Roman engineering.
Further, the concrete of the dome is graded into six layers with a mixture of scoria, a low-density, lightweight volcanic rock, at the top. From top to bottom, the structure of the Pantheon was fine-tuned to be structurally efficient and to allow flexibility of design.
In the end, however, we cannot say for certain who designed the Pantheon. Why Has It Survived? How and why the Pantheon emerged from those difficult centuries is hard to say. Whatever the precise date of its consecration, the fact that the Pantheon became a church—specifically, a station church, where the pope would hold special masses during Lent, the period leading up to Easter—meant that it was in continuous use, ensuring its survival.May 04, · You will need to discuss the artistic and stylistic differences and explain the context of the times that impacted the differences: Architecture: Hagia Sophia and Chartres Cathedral or the Pantheon Old St.
Peters and Dome of the Rock St. Sernin and Chartres Cathedral Last Judgement (St. Lazure) and Death of the Virgin (Strasburg)Status: Resolved. was the Roman Pantheon ( CE) 7 which, with its centrally placed ‗oculus‘ or eye of heaven, was the largest dome until the Italian Renaissance and Brunelleschi‘s dome for the Cathedral of Florence.
8 The Pantheon was itself the culmination of still earlier traditions. Byzantine vs Roman Hagia Sophia vs. Pantheon. Updated on May 6, Jennifer B.
more. Contact Author. The Hagia Sophia basilica is located in Istanbul, Turkey, and was built by Isidore of Miletus and Anthemois of Tralles. It’s a former Greek Orthodox patriarchal basilica, then became an imperial mosque then finally a museum.
The Greek Parthenon vs the Roman Pantheon Imagine asking a five-year-old to draw a picture of a house. A native Floridian probably wouldn’t draw the typical split-plan design with a tile roof and a screened-in lanai. The Pantheon’s dome is the largest surviving dome from antiquity; it was also the largest dome in the world until Brunelleschi’s dome on the Duomo of Florence was completed in The Pantheon and Roman Religion.
Architecture: Culture and Space. the Greek Parthenon, the Pantheon in Rome and the Church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (Istanbul).
This inclination toward interiority culminates in the cathedrals of Medieval Europe. Thus, buildings are not just brick and marble but windows into the soul.