The profession[ edit ] Speech-language pathologists SLPs provide a wide range of services, mainly on an individual basis, but also as support for individuals, families, support groups, and providing information for the general public. SLPs work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults. Services are provided in the following areas: Speech, language, and swallowing disorders result from a variety of causes, such as a stroke,  brain injury,  hearing loss,  developmental delay,  a cleft palate,  cerebral palsy,  or emotional issues.
Unable to engage in conversational exchange. Unable to express feelings. Childhood Apraxia of Speech Childhood apraxia of speech CAS is a neurological childhood pediatric speech sound disorder in which the precision and consistency of movements underlying speech are impaired in the absence of neuromuscular deficits abnormal reflexes, abnormal tone.
CAS may occur as a result of known neurological impairment, in association with complex neurobehavioral disorders of known or unknown origin, or as an idiopathic neurogenic speech sound disorder.
The following are symptoms of CAS: Limited or little babbling as an infant void of many consonants. The child is able to open and close mouth, lick lips, protrude, retract and lateralize tongue while eating, but may not be able to when directed to do so.
First word approximations occuring beyond the age of 18 months, without developing into understandable simple vocabulary words by age two. Continuous grunting and pointing beyond age two. Lack of a significant consonant repertoire: Prosody is unusual, there is equal stress or lengthy pauses between or within syllables or words, and sometimes a monotone quality.
Speech may change or disintegrate with many repetitions. Single words may be articulated well, but attempts at further sentence length become unintelligible. Receptive language comprehension appears to be better than attempts at expressive language verbal output.
One syllable or word is favored and used to convey all or many words beyond age two. The child speaks mostly in vowels. Struggle behavior may occur when attempting to imitate or to speak without dysfluency or stuttering. Deletions or replacements of consonants, vowels or syllables may occur at the end of a word, phrase or connected word levels.
Vowel distortions or replacements occur which are not due to oral motor weakness. Difficulty with maintaining clarity with extended word length or complexity. Many phonological processes are employed to simplify motor speech output.
Late talking with above characteristics or errors may be present. Other fine motor challenges may be present. Echolalic utterances the automatic repetition of words, phrases or sentences often without comprehension might be perfectly articulated but novel attempts at words or combinations might be more effortful.
Children with expressive language disorder have difficulty with verbal expression putting words together to formulate thoughts.
The following are symptoms of expressive language disorder: Difficulty acquiring syntax the rules of grammar. Difficulties with morphology changes in verb tense. Difficulty with semantics word meaning. Unintelligible speech is a descriptive term used subjectively by the listener.
It can be due to a few minor consonant or vowel errors, oral-structural differences, oral-motor weakness, dysarthria or apraxia of speech. However, another casual factor to unintelligible speech, which even many professionals miss, is that of the faulty perception of language. In this case, the more emphasis there is upon improving processing and comprehension skills, the more improvement will be seen in increased intelligibility.
Whereas, unintelligible speech rooted in the fine-motor coordination aspect of talking would require motor-speech or verbal motor work. Children may have both perceptual and motor-speech difficulties. If there are any questions regarding whether the child comprehends spoken language, attention should be given to comprehension and not necessarily motor-speech output.
The following are a few examples of an articulatory disorder: If they persist past age five, an evaluation is necessary.Overview.
As medical Speech-Language Pathologists, we have specialized training and expertise in evaluating and treating infants, children, and adolescents with speech, language, voice, fluency, and oral feeding/swallowing disorders. Speech-language therapy is an established, allied health treatment that supports the development and rehabilitation of a person’s overall communication, including their speech, understanding and use of language, social skills, feeding and swallowing abilities, cognition, memory and executive functioning skills provided by a certified masters.
The Autism Home Support Services Speech Language team brings a comprehensive, collaborative approach to ABA and Speech Language Therapy.
Our expert clinical leadership specializes in treating children with autism for a more cohesive treatment plan for your child. Speech-language therapy is the treatment for most kids with speech and/or language disorders.
Speech Disorders, Language Disorders, and Feeding Disorders A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds. Welcome. Since , speech-language pathologists, occupational therapists and behavior therapists from the Center for Speech, Language, Occupational and Behavior Therapy (CSLOT) have been serving the communication, movement, and behavior needs of .
The Children’s Speech and Language Therapy (S<) Service works across the whole county providing help in both community and hospital settings.
We treat children up to the age of 16 years (up to 19 years in special education), who have a difficulty with communication or swallowing.